Black Ruthenium

€34.51 inkl. MwSt.
€29.00 ohne MwSt.
Content: 0.05 Liter (€690.20 * / 1 Liter)

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  • BMG-089
  Black ruthenium from Betzmann Galvanik   Product information “Black... more
Product information "Black Ruthenium"

 Black ruthenium from Betzmann Galvanik

 

Product information “Black ruthenium bath with 5 gram / L Ru

 

The black ruthenium bath deposits dark to gray-black ruthenium layers. The ruthenium electrolyte works to maintain gloss and a high level of color consistency is achieved. The coatings are non-slip and impress with their decorative color. The maximum achievable coating thickness is 0.2-0.5 µm. For base metals or silverware, pre-gilding or a palladium layer is strongly recommended as an undercoat.

 

 

 

Operating data:

Ruthenium content: 5.0 g/l Ru

pH value: approx. 1

Density: approx. 12 g/cm3

Working conditions:

Voltage: 2.2-3 volts

Bath temperature: 65°C Exposure time: 2 min

Anode material: Mixed oxide anodes/platinized titanium

Anode/cathode area: 1 : 1

Fabric movement: required

Current density: 0.5-3.0 A/dm2

Bath filtration: from 10 liters

Deposition rate: 1-3 mg/amine

Deposition speed: 0.02µm/min at 1.5A/dm2

 

 

Precipitation data:

Hardness: approx. 800 HV

Layer thickness: max. 0.5 µm

Density: approx. 12 g/cm3

 

Safety:

 

   betzmann-galvanik-solution


Hazard statements

 

H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.

Precautionary statements

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P305 IN CASE OF CONTACT WITH EYES:

P351 Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.

P338 Remove contact lenses, if present and if possible. Continue rinsing.

P313 Get medical advice/attention.

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